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四六级考研

如何能实现考研英语写作水平的质的提高?

文字:[大][中][小] 2018-3-29    浏览次数:319    



1、不建议太早开始复习作文,提前1个月我觉得就够了。(每个人情况不一样,自己估计好自己的水准,掌握了会写了就行了)
2、最重要的是在背了至少五篇范文后,整理出自己的模板。自己的模板,这个很重要。我当时整理出了自己的三个模板(举例、列数据、陈述),然后不管碰到哪一类的题目,[基本]都能套用。背作文是有技巧的,我喜欢先背熟,然后自己再把全文默写一遍,发现能默写比光背记得牢靠多了。
3、熟能生巧,要掌握技巧,也要背各类主题的关键词。
4、坚持坚持,考研难在坚持。


考研大作文框架结构:

全文分3段共12句左右(第一段3句,二段5句,三段4句),全文字数在160-250词,5-7个与主题相关的关联词(适可而止,这就要去背了),5-7个从句(多多益善,你要是会有意识去写2个从句,全文怎么着也就有5个从句了)

 

大作文四大要素:

1. 描述:第一段,先用两句进行图画描述

2. 象征寓意:1句,全文中心思想,位置——首段尾句或二段首句

3. 分析:第二段,意义阐释

4. 评论:第三段,建议 措施


1、Introduction:第一段,3句左右

1)图画/表作文:图画/表描述

1General description:总体描述(人物+动作+环境或数据变化规律,描述方式谁在什么时候在哪干啥),1

2Details 1, 2, 3:细节描述(挖掘细节词,串联成句),1

3Caption/Symbolic meaning:文字说明或象征寓意,1句(此句是全文中心思想,也可放在第二段首句,承上启下,一定要在首段尾句或二段首句点中心!!)


2、Body: 第二段,意义阐释,5句左右

1Topic sentenceSymbolic meaning,主题句,象征寓意,1句(首段尾句写了象征意义,就换个说话再来一遍,不来也挺好)

2Argument论证,3句左右,考研写作四大论证手段:

1Cause and Effect:因果论证

2Exemplification:举例论证

A. Numerous examples can be given, but this/these will suffice.举例之前

B. I can think of no better illustration than the following one(s).举例之前

C. This/These case(s) effectively clarify that…举例之后

3联系现实,列数据:以小见大,把握象征寓意,个体想为群体,具体想为抽象

Represent 代表,symbolize 象征,epitomize •••的缩影,

be naturally associated with 自然与•••联系起来

4正反论证

3Summary小结,概括论证,总结本段,1


3、Conclusion:第三段,归纳结论/建议措施,4句左右

1Concluding sentence结论句,呼应象征寓意,1

2Suggestions 12两句结论或两点建议(针对双方提建议),2

3)包装结尾、展望未来:1句,考研写作三大优秀句型

1)倒装句:Only in this way can we solve this problem.

只有这样我们才能解决这个问题。

2)强调句:It is persistent work that is conducive to your grasping a considerable vocabulary.

有长期学习才有助于你掌握大的词汇量。

3)虚拟语气:It is high time that we improved the present situation.

我们早就该改进现状了。

 


模板一(联系现实论证,topic-年轻人的道德)

第一段:(12分别表示该段的第12~

1. 

What a distressing irony to see ~~~(场景、画面)

2. 

3. 图片总体描写(谁在干什么)

4. 图片细节描写(人物表情、图片背景是怎么样的)

5. Looking at the picture, I believe, every reader with conscience will feel intensely pained by the situation of ~~~(人物、动物)(点明文章中心)(I believeas far as I think——插入语,完全没什么意思的短语,可是插上一句,感觉一下就不同了)

 

第二段:

1. 

The picture is soul-stirring, and what it illustrates is a common phenomenon in today’s society: many grown-up children refuse to ~~~~grown-up children——关键词)

2. 

3. 

they regard ~ ~(人或事情) as a burden although it is their duty to ~~~(做什么事)

4. 

5. 

I think these children have betrayed their own conscience and therefore may subject themselves to social contempt and criticism.conscience——关键词)

6. 

7. 

The moral sense of young people becomes dramatically downgrading. young people moral sense——关键词)

8. 

9. 

For example, youngster might have become too much self-centered, and worsethey discard the tradition of ~~~~.discard the tradition——关键词)

10. 

11. 

They no longer care for~~; instead they try every means to avoid responsibility for ~~

12. 

 

第三段:

1.Therefore, we have to take some useful measures to avoid the scene that is mentioned above.

We must launch a variety of campaigns about ~~~

2.Moreover, we must appeal to our government to establish some relevant laws to~~~

3.Only in this way can we build up a harmonious family and society.

 

 

注:此模板字数已经有点超了,考试时按3-5-4结构差不多(你可别每个句子才10个字),字多易错,一错就会被扣分。字数控制在190-210最合理,如果你特别厉害,写300不会出错也是可以的,那这种大牛估计也不会关注这个问题。


模板二(列数据论证,正反论证,topic-年轻人的自信、勇气)

第一段:

1. 

As is vividly depicted in the picture/cartoon ~~~(场景、画面——总体描写)(我写大作文基本上是以这句开头)

2. 

3. 

图片细节描写(人物表情、图片背景,谁在干什么。图片有多个人物时:谁在干什么,on the contrary,谁又在干什么)

4. 

5. 

Obviously, both of them lack courage and confidence in front of challenges.(点明文章中心,courage and confidence——关键词)

6. 

 

第二段:

1. 

On account of the quickening pace of life, competition goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life, imposing tremendous pressure on all individuals.competitionpressure——反方面的关键词)

2. 

3. 

For instance, the past few years have witnessed dramatic increase in the difficulty of examinations and employment.difficulty——反方面的关键词)

4. 

5. 

-1 According to the recent survey by the Chinese Academy of Social Science, there are nearly two million students taking entrance exams for postgraduate schools.(写这些数据来自什么Chinese Academy of Social Science,只是让数据显得可靠些)

6. 

-2 The past few years have witnessed dramatic increase in the number of~~~

7. 

8. 

We must maintain powerful self-confidence and optimism in the face of challenges so as to survive and succeed.self-confidence and optimism——关键词)

9. 

10. 

Suppose we overestimate our rivals and problems, we will become hesitating and doubtful of ourselves, unable to fulfill even a simple task.hesitating and doubtful——反方面的关键词,rivals and problemshesitating and doubtful——写两个词比写一个词要好很多)

11. 

 

第三段:

1. 

Therefore, it is necessary to embrace the strong faith that we are invincible.strong faithinvincible——关键词)

2. 

3. 

We should bear in mind our painstaking efforts will pay off as long as we arm ourselves with courage and confidence.

4. 

5. 

Only by building strong self-confidence can we demonstrate grace under pressure and turn our dreams into reality.

6. 


模板三(举例论证,topic-量力而行)

第一段:

1. 

As is vividly depicted in the picture/cartoon ~~~(场景、画面——总体描写)(我写大作文基本上是以这句开头)

2. 

3. 

图片细节描写(人物表情、图片背景,谁在干什么)

4. 

5. 

As the caption of the picture reads, sometimes we should do things in accordance with our capacity(点明文章中心,in accordance with our capacity——关键词)

6. 

 

第二段:

1. 

Examples to prove this view are abundant, among which the most convincing one is the case of pursuing a Master DegreeExamples to~~说明我要举例论证啦)

2. 

3. 

The past few years have witnessed dramatic increase in the number of~~~

4. 

5. 

For a certain number of ~~, however, ~~ is beyond their academic abilities and also they parents can’t ~~~~

6. 

7. 

In this case, they should ~~~

8. 

 

第三段:

1. 

Therefore, it is imperative and immediate for us to take effective measures.

2. 

3. 

-1 For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to issue laws and regulation to ~~.(坏现象)

4. 

-2 For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to enact positive policies to guide/encourage ~~ is/are of great significance to us. (好现象)

5. 

6. 

For another thing, we, our college students, should ~~~

7. 

8. 

Only in this way can we succeed and enjoy our life.

9. 


模板四(因果论证)

第二段:

1. 

Numerous reasons are responsible for this common social phenomenonbut the followings are the most critical ones.Numerous reasons ~~说明我要来列原因啦)

2. 

3. 

First of all, owing to~~~

4. 

5. 

Another significant reasons, as for me, is that ti is~~

6. 

7. 

The third reason, which cannot be neglected, is that ~~~

8. 

 

Tips:

1、每写作文,插入语可用上几次。(插入语:as for me,as far as I think,~~~

2、用两个词比用一个词好。(如;problems-rivals and problemsdoubtful-hesitating and doubtful

3、首段未句或二段首句点中心。

 

所谓关键词,就是和文章topic相关的需要频繁使用的词汇(一个意思要多次用,所以要变换单词)。

关于列数据,别编得太离谱就好。英语作文考的是英语,又不是写论文。当然自己练习时有意识去查一些数据更好,做事就怕认真。


以上就是小编为大家总结的小知识,如果你还有更多疑问,欢迎大家致电咨询。


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