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雅思动态

雅思写作必背近义词替换及辨析

文字:[大][中][小] 2018-4-8    浏览次数:301    



勇敢的时候,别使错了劲儿——

brave/ bold / courageous / heroic / undaunted / valiant / audacious

以上各词均含有“勇敢的”、“无畏的”的意思。

brave /breɪv/

释义willing to do things which are difficult, dangerous or painful; not afraid. 勇敢的,无畏的

例句:He was not brave enough to report the loss of the documents.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他没有勇气报告丢失了文件。

词义辨析:用于形容在危险、困境前表现出的勇气,多指品质。

 

bold /bəʊld/

释义brave and confident; not afraid to say what you feel or to take risks. 大胆自信的,敢于冒险的

例句:The wine made him bold enough to approach her.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他趁着酒劲,鼓足勇气上前和她说话。

词义辨析:同样用于形容面对眼前危险、威胁,但侧重勇敢向前行为本身, 有时含冒失、莽撞之意。

 

courageous /kəˈreɪdʒəs/

释义 very brave and determined. 勇敢的,有胆量的,无畏的

例句:It was a very frightening experience and they were very courageous.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

那是一次让人胆战心惊的经历,而他们表现得非常勇敢。

词义辨析:指在各种情况下,都有信心、有胆量、无所畏惧。强调行为者的原则和责任感。

 

heroic /hɪˈrəʊɪk/

释义:showing great determination to succeed or to achieve sth, especially sth difficult. 英雄的,英勇的

例句:The heroic sergeant risked his life to rescue 29 fishermen from their blazing trawler.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

英勇的中士冒着生命危险从熊熊燃烧着的拖网渔船上救出了29名渔民。

词义辨析:指在战争等严峻情况下表现出的无畏之情,用于描述含有崇高敬意的对象。

 

undaunted /ʌnˈdɔːntɪd/

释义:If you are undaunted, you are not at all afraid or worried about dealing with something, especially something that would frighten or worry most people. 无畏的,勇敢的,不气馁的

例句:Undaunted by the scale of the job, Lesley set about planning how each room should look.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

莱斯利并没有被这项浩大的工程所吓倒,开始着手规划每个房间的格局。

词义辨析:侧重描述面对困难不屈服、不气馁的韧劲和勇气。

 

valiant /ˈvæliənt/

释义:a valiant action is very brave and determined, though it may lead to failure or defeat. 勇敢的,果决的,无畏的

例句:Despite valiant efforts by the finance minister, inflation rose to 36%.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

尽管财政部部长采取了一系列果决措施,通货膨胀率还是涨到了36%。

词义辨析:主要指人,侧重果敢。

 

audacious /ɔːˈdeɪʃəs/

释义:Someone who is audacious takes risks in order to achieve something.  敢于冒险的,大胆的

例句:It is an audacious plan to win the presidency. (例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

这是个为当选总统而制订的大胆计划.

词义辨析:指勇于冒险和敢于创新的魄力。

 

 

请谨慎,但别怂——

careful / cautious / prudent /circumspect

以上各词均有“小心、谨慎”的意思,但含义不同。

careful /ˈkeə(r)f(ə)l/

释义:if you are careful, you give serious attention to what you are doing, in order to avoid harm, damage, or mistakes.

例句:Be very careful with this stuff, it can be dangerous if it isn't handled properly.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

这东西一定要小心,稍不注意的话就会有危险。

词义辨析:指人并非担心害怕,但为确保万无一失而做事小心仔细。侧重指行为过程要小心,以免发生差错。

 

cautious /ˈkɔːʃəs/

释义:a cautious person is nervous that something may be dangerous or unwise, so they only do it very slowly or after a lot of thought.谨慎的,慎重的,小心的

例句:The scientists are cautious about using enzyme therapy on humans.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

科学家们对在人身上使用酶疗法非常慎重。

词义辨析:指人因担心某事危险或不明智而缓慢行事或小心谨慎。

 

prudent /ˈpruːd(ə)nt/

释义:careful, and using good judgment(审慎的,慎重的,精明的)

例句:It is always prudent to start any exercise program gradually at first.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

刚开始一项锻炼计划时循序渐进总是明智的。

词义辨析:指行事谨慎、周全、不鲁莽,含褒义色彩。

circumspect /ˈsɜ:kəmspekt/

释义:if you are circumspect, you are cautious in what you do and say and do not take risks.

例句:The banks should have been more circumspect in their dealings.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

那些银行在交易中本该更加谨慎的。

词义辨析:多提醒意味,强调小心为妙。

 

 

以上就是小编为大家总结的小知识,如果你还有更多疑问,欢迎大家致电咨询。



 



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