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雅思动态

谨防掉入雅思作文的5分陷阱!

文字:[大][中][小] 2018-6-22    浏览次数:357    




一张表格带你了解

雅思小作文的得分点&失分点

Don't

Do

rush answers ignoring instructions.

不看清要求就急忙回答问题

consider tenses that are relevant

考虑相关的时态

copy words from question

从题目中直接照抄

paraphrase key words and use synonyms

替换关键词以及使用同义词

describe every detail

不要描述每一处细节

look for most significant trends

找出最显著的趋势

use too many linking words

使用太多连接词

plan a theme for each paragraph

每一段计划一个主题

下面结合相关题目来具体分析:

雅思小作文如何才能拿高分?

 

01.标注关键词

很多学生为了争分夺秒,拿到题目后匆匆一瞥,就急忙下手写...STOP!

正确的打开方式是这样的:

仔细阅读作文要求,标出关键词

 

下面是选自4Test 1,Writing部分的Task1

通读题目,标出的关键词会告诉你:

你需要花多少时间完成小作文?写多少字?

图表的类型、主要内容是什么?

文章要怎么去写?(方向)

用什么时态去写?(1999→过去式)

不读题,不标关键词,是造成小作文没有逻辑没有重点的重要原因!


02.同义替换

了解题目的要求后,就要进入正文,首先要做的是:

改述题目,用不同的词语来阐释关键词(同义替换)

原题目:

The graph below gives information about cinema attendance in the UK between 1998 and the present, with projections to 2018.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

 

改述:

The diagram shows data on cinema-goers in the UK over 2 decades, from 1998,with forecasts up to 2018.

直接照抄题目或者图表中的内容=扣分!

大家平时要多积累开头段的句式表达,简洁明了即可,如:


The chart presents(provides) information(data) about ... 

The chart shows(illustrates) the changes in …

The chart shows how …changed(varied) ...

The chart compares …in terms of … 

注意用词准确,并且这里的动词时态是一般现在时shows/presents...

此外,在后文描述信息时,要运用不同的动词和形容词,以彰显词汇多样性。


03.趋势描述

虽然图表内容一目了然,但是:

考官想看到的流水账描述每一个数字的分析

考官想看的=2~3 个关键点=趋势概括

如上图,大家要分析图表内容:

注意横纵坐标轴单位以及范围

找出图表中最显著的几个趋势,尤其是最高点&最低点

数据分类(按大小、上升下降趋势等)

大家平时要注意积累一些描述趋势类词汇和句式,如下图:

 

04.段落构思

 

小作文也有一定的架构,在弄清需要强调的内容后,应该组织梳理全文结构:

文章分为几段?

每一段写什么?(主题)

段落之间如何自然衔接?

比如:

Introduction

学会用两句话搞定1句话改写题目,1句话概括这篇小作文在讲什么。

Body

1-2,重点描述关键趋势和重点信息。

Conclusion

结尾段可有可无,因为文章主体就是高度总结性质的文章,所以task 1没有结尾段也是不会被扣分的。

 

最后给大家附上一篇:

表格题考官满分范文及构思全过程,

来看看你和满分范文的差距在哪里?

The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002.


Percentage of national consumer expenditure by category - 2002

构思过程:

1. I know that I can write a short introduction by paraphrasing the question.

2. I look for an overall trend. I can see that the food/drinks/tobacco category has the highest percentages, and leisure/education has the lowest.

3. Now I want to write two main body paragraphs. I need to select something to say about each country. Remember, there is no rule about what information you select; everyone will do this differently.

4. I look for the highest figures in each category: I can see that Turkey has the highest figure for food/drinks/tobacco AND for education/leisure. Italy has the highest figure for clothing/footwear.

5. So, I'll write a paragraph about Turkey and Italy.

6. My final paragraph needs to talk about Ireland, Spain and Sweden.

7. Maybe I'll point out that Ireland has a high figure for the first category, Spain has the lowest figure for education/leisure, and Sweden has the lowest figures for the first AND second categories.

8. I don't need a conclusion because I have already mentioned a general trend in point 2.

 

满分范文:

The table shows percentages of consumer expenditure for three categories of products and services in five countries in 2002.

 

It is clear that the largest proportion of consumer spending in each country went on food, drinks and tobacco. On the other hand, the leisure/education category has the lowest percentages in the table.

 

Out of the five countries, consumer spending on food, drinks and tobacco was noticeably higher in Turkey, at 32.14%, and Ireland, at nearly 29%. The proportion of spending on leisure and education was also highest in Turkey, at 4.35%, while expenditure on clothing and footwear was significantly higher in Italy, at 9%, than in any of the other countries.

 

It can be seen that Sweden had the lowest percentages of national consumer expenditure for food/drinks/tobacco and for clothing/footwear, at nearly 16% and just over 5% respectively. Spain had slightly higher figures for these categories, but the lowest figure for leisure/education, at only 1.98%.

 

总之,有一个清晰的写作脉络,才能全面地阐述自己的观点,达到题目要求。

 

雅思写作有自己的规律

摸清规律,利用规律,

才会有更大的几率获取高分!


以上就是小编为大家总结的小知识,如果你还有更多疑问,欢迎大家致电咨询。

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