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雅思7分大作文:必备词汇和句式汇总

文字:[大][中][小] 2018-6-24    浏览次数:251    

考官在你的作文中最想看到的是:

清晰的观点;

有逻辑的推理(解释);

令人信服的论据(例子);

 

这背后都离不开一个支撑:

词汇手段!

Vocabulary for the Introduction :

开头段词汇

这一段关乎考官对你写作水平的第一印象,基本上考官在这一段会打一个基础分,所以一定要展示你最佳的词汇运用。

究竟怎么写?

写一些与主题相关的句子和普遍接受的观点;

不要抄写题目中的句子;

如果你实在不知道怎么写,至少使用同义词和不同句子结构来替换原有的表达。

Example:  
Mobile phone and the Internet are two great innovation of science for communication and had been facilitating people for a long time. These two technologies are widely used in almost all the countries of the world and had become a part of our daily lives. We can't deny the usefulness of these technologies as they had made our life easier than it was ever before. In my opinion, the advantages of these two devices far outweigh the demerits they have.

①Useful vocabulary/phrases to open/start the essay:

文章开头的实用词汇和短语

Many/some people claim/opine/believe that...
There is no denying that...
It is often said that...
These days.../ Nowadays.../ In this day and age...
It goes without saying that...
It is universally accepted that...
We live in an age when many of us are...
People are divided in their opinion regarding...
.... is one of the most important issues...
Whether.... or.... is a controversial issue...

 

②Useful vocabulary/phrases to end the Introduction part:

结束开头段的词汇和短语

Let us examine both views before reaching a concrete decision.
The following paragraphs discuss whether.... or ....and reach a reasonable conclusion.
The following essay takes a look at both sides of the argument.
My two cents go for...
However, I strongly believe that...
I oppose the view and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.
I will support this view with arguments in the following paragraphs.
I personally believe that...

Thus the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages...
I wholeheartedly believe that this trend should be changed.

 

③Vocabulary for the opinion part: 

陈述观点的词汇

首先你要判断雅思作文的题目类型,如果不属于观点类题目,而是让你比较事物的优劣势,那就不应太强烈地表达观点。

 

In my opinion...
I strongly opine that...
I strongly agree with the idea that...
I strongly disagree with the given topic...
I think...
My opinion is that...
Personally speaking...
In my view...
I believe...
Apparently...
Personally speaking...
According to me...
From my point of view... (Not 'In my point of view')
As far as I am concerned...
From my perspective...
I realize...
To my way of thinking...
It seems to me that...
To me...
To my mind...
My own view on the matter is...
It appears that...
I feel that...
I understand...
I suppose...

Examples:  
But in my opinion, giving access to a mobile phone & the internet to each and every unemployed person is a matter of great dispute. I believe, this idea can help the countries who have sufficient funds for the whole fiscal year and already adopted technologies like the internet for a very long period. But this might turn out a complete loss for an undeveloped country.

Vocabulary for the Body 1:

主体段1词汇


It is true that...

First...
First of all...
Firstly...
First and foremost...
Initially...
To begin with...
To start with...
Let us take a look at...
It is worth considering...
In the first place...
Though it is true that...
Some people believe that...
Many people think that...
According to many...
Some people believe that...
Many support the view that...
On the one hand...

Example: 
 It is true that an unemployed educated person with a mobile phone and the internet connection can get more access to the local and foreign job sectors and can use these technologies to get a job or become self-employed.

 

Vocabulary for the Body 2:

主体段2词汇


Second(ly)...  (Not 'Second of all')
Third(ly)...
Then...
Next...
After that...
And...
Again...
Also...
Besides...
Likewise...
In addition...
Consequently...
What’s more...
Furthermore...
Moreover...
Other people think that...
Other people believe that...
On the other hand...
Apart from that...
Finally...
Last but not the least...

Examples:  

 Besides, unemployed persons living in urban areas can easily get the information related to the job-offering companies with these technologies... Furthermore, the use of these technologies give them advantages than others...

①Vocabulary to show the comparison:

比较类词汇

In the same way...
Likewise...
Similarly...
Like the previous point...
Similar to...
Also...
At the same time...
Just as...

Example:  
Similarly, all the companies and offices are becoming automated and using computers, the internet and other technologies vastly than any other time in history....... 

②Vocabulary to show contrast:

对比类词汇

On the other hand...
On the contrary...
However...
Nevertheless.../ Nonetheless...
But...
Nonetheless/ Nevertheless...
Oppositely...
Alternatively...
Unlike...
While...
Whilst...
Although...
Though...
Even though...
Despite... / In spite of...
In spite of the fact that...
Alternatively...
In contrast to this...
Then again...
On the other hand...
Despite the fact that...
Even so...
Yet...
Meanwhile...

Examples:  

On the contrary, poor countries suffer from the lack of sufficient budgets to ensure some very basic needs of people like health, education, medicines etc. Then again, those countries don't have a chance to spend a lot of money to initiate a superficial project.....

 

③Vocabulary to show an example:

举例类词汇

As an example...
For instance...
For example...
As...
Among others...
Such as...
Particularly...
Regarding...
In particular...
Namely...
With respect to...
As far .... is concerned...
To show an example...
To give an example...
To cite an example...
As an evidence...
To illustrate...
To paraphrase...
An example is...
...could be a good/ideal example here
A case...
When it comes to...

Examples: 

For instance, there is no guaranty that all unemployed person will use the technology positively.......

For example, if a public bus gets busted in the middle of a road, the passenger can easily leave it a look for another one.

④ Vocabulary to present an idea:

提出观点类词汇

Research shows that...
Research has found that...
When it comes to...
With respect to...
Not only... but also...
In terms of...

Examples:

Research shows that employment opportunity and crime ratio in a city has a deep underlying relationship and that is why...

⑤Phrases to introduce more ideas/ examples:

介绍更多观点和例子

Furthermore...
In addition...
On top of that...
Besides...
What is more...
Another point worth noting is...
Another factor to consider is...
Furthermore...
Not only .... but also...
Also...

Examples:

Furthermore, rich countries emit more CO2 than rest of the world does and this is why they have greater responsibilities.

⑥Vocabulary to show consequence, effects or reason:

表示结果、影响和原因的词汇

结果、影响

As a result...

As a result of...

Consequently...
As a consequent...
As an effect...
Thus...
So...
Therefore...

... has led to/ ... has resulted in...

Hence...

Thereby...

Eventually...

原因:

The reason why...

On account of...
Because of...

For this/that reason...

One reason behind this is...

Due to...
Owing to...

Examples:

Consequently,  local residents will be able to find more job opportunities in this factory and have a better socio-economic status....

The overuse of natural resources has already resulted in the scarcity of such valuable resources that we can not do without...

⑦Vocabulary to sum up at the end of a paragraph:

一段结尾总结词汇

To sum up...
In short...
In a word...
To put it simply...
That is to say...
To repeat in short....
To summarise...

Example:

In a word, I think, the idea can be very useful for the developing countries but for us, it might be sinister...

⑧Vocabulary to make a point stronger/ Adding emphasis

强化观点的词汇

It goes without saying that...
Obviously...
Needless to say...
There is little doubt that...
Although...
Though...
Nonetheless...
Nevertheless...
Still...
Yet...
Must.... After
After all...
Even if...
Therefore...
Thus.....

Example:

 Although, Parents are important teachers in our lives and none can deny their invaluable role to make us what we are, they aren't always the best teachers....

⑨ Vocabulary for clarifying or rephrasing:

明确观点,改述类词汇

To put it simply...
To put in another way...
That is to say...
In other words...

Example:

To put in another way, nuclear power has a great potential to provide power requirement of the industries all around the world.

⑩Some correct and incorrect expressions:

一些高频错误表达

 

Vocabulary for the Conclusion :

结论段词汇

In conclusion...
In summary...
To conclude...
To conclude with...
To sum up...
In general...
To summarise...
In short...
All in all...
Overall...
On the whole...
To draw the conclusion...
To elucidate...('To elucidate' means - 'make something clear' or 'to explain'.)
All things considered...
By and large...
Taking everything into consideration...
Taking everything into account...
Weighing up both sides of the argument...

 

注:千万不要使用 In a nutshell 进行总结,它非常不正式,一般用在口语中,最好用 In conclusion/ to conclude来替换。

Examples:
In general, even though it is preferable to study English in an English-speaking country, a reasonable level of English can be achieved in one's own country, if a student is gifted and dedicated to studying.

雅思大作文的结尾通常是要和文章的其他部分联系起来,长度一般是1-2个句子,结论应该:

简短地总结一下你在文章中所说的内容;

不要再提出一个新观点;

如果题目要求你给出建议和解决方案,最好放在结尾段来说。

在结论段使用条件句很加分,很适用于表达你提出的建议会出现怎样的结果,但一定要保证句子结构在语法上正确。

要写出一篇好的大作文,

先要学会“拆分”:

这篇作文是怎么布局的?

文章结构分为几段?

每一段如何展开?

段与段之间如何衔接?

有了清晰的方向,

再借助词汇手段的填充,

和观点语料的积累,

才可能成就一篇完整的文章!


以上就是小编为大家总结的小知识,如果你还有更多疑问,欢迎大家致电咨询。

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