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雅思培训

雅思口语Part2开场方式

文字:[大][中][小] 2015-10-4    浏览次数:906    
    朗阁海外考试研究中心  杨超
    一般来说,雅思口语Part2要求各位考生在1分钟的准备时间之后,进行2分钟的陈述。而不少考生在陈述的时候不太注重开场白,甚至完全没有说开场白而直接进入描述,这样不仅使陈述听起来不完整,也会在一定程度上影响到最后的分数。开场白的目的,就是为了引起考官的兴趣,和考官建立积极的关系,建立可信度,同时也能概括主干部分的内容,让整个Part2陈述听起来更为自然。以下针对开场白中引起考官兴趣这一目的,为考生们提供不同的开场方式。
    一、 提到考官,使之与话题联系在一起
    在谈到“Describe a hobby you have”这一话题时,一位考生是这样开场的:
Today I am going to talk about collecting postcards—a hobby that is both fascinating and financially rewarding. I would like to explain the basic kinds of collectible postcards, why they are so valuable, and how collectors buy and sell their cards.
    而另一位考生则给出了不一样的开场白:
It’s Saturday morning, and you are helping clean out your grandmother’s house. After working a while, you stumble upon a trunk, open it, and discover hundreds of old postcards. Thinking about getting to your driving lesson on time, you start tossing the cards into the trash can. Congratulations! You have just thrown away a year’s tuition.
    对比之后,我们很快就发现,第二位考生的开场白效果比第一位考生的开场白好,因为它很好地将考官融入进来,抓住了考官的兴趣点,使之后主干部分的陈述更为顺利。
   二、 强调话题的重要性
   在谈到“Describe a traffic jam you had experienced before”这一话题时,一位考生的开场白值得大家借鉴:
Traffic jams are more than a nuisance. They are a worldwide economic problem. In Guangzhou alone, they cost 12 million yuan each year. In major U.S. cities, they are responsible for more than 21 billion liters of wasted fuel and 68 billion dollars in lost productivity. Traffic jams will soon cost the British economy more than 20 billion pounds sterling a year.
    这个开场白很好地运用了数据,强调了交通堵塞在经济问题中扮演的重要角色,有效地吸引了考官的眼球。
    三、 让考官惊讶
    有时,令人惊讶的事实能够马上提高我们的兴趣。如以下一位考生的开场白,他在描述“an outdoor activity”前,先介绍了疾病的可怕:
As I speak today, there is a silent killer hiding near here. Who is this silent killer? Not a robber. Not a thief. Not a criminal. It is high blood pressure.
    这样的开场白不仅让考官产生兴趣,也为后面描述为什么喜欢户外活动打下基础。
    四、 引起考官的好奇心
在描述“hobby”这个话题时,比起说“Today, I’m going to talk about Xiangqi.”,不如试试以下一位考生的开场白,他很好地运用技巧,引起了考官的好奇心:
Every day, fierce battles take place in public parks throughout China. Generals move their soldiers against the enemy. Horses, chariots, cannons, even elephants are used in the pursuit of victory. No quarter is given when the losing general is captured. And yet, no lives are lost. No nations are conquered. The battles are fought on chessboards, and they reflect the Chinese people’s love of Xiangqi.
    五、 向考官提问
    作为考生,我们要认真听清考官的所有问题,但在Part2的开场白中,我们也可以向考官提出一些问题,引起他们的兴趣,但是我们切忌不能要求考官回答我们提出的问题,这些问题必须是不必回答的问题。如“Do you know what is your most valuable possession?”,“Do you know how many township enterprises are started each year in China?”等。请看一位考生在描述“a useful skill”这个话题时的开场白:
Have you ever spent a sleepless night writing a report for your boss? Can you remember rushing to finish a project because you waited too long to start? Do you often feel overwhelmed by all the things you have to get done? If so, you may be the victim of poor time management. Fortunately, there are proven strategies  you can follow to use your time effectively and to keep control of your life.
    六、 用引言开头
    用来开头的引言,可以是名人说过的话,也可以是自己熟悉的人说过的话。一位考生在描述“your future plan”时,用马克·吐温的一句话来开场:
Mark Twain once said: “Predictions are very difficult to make—especially when they involve the future.”
而另一位考生在描述“an animal”这个话题时,同样运用了引言。与之前那位考生不同的是,他引用的是他叔叔说过的话:
“It is a moment I will always cherish, I was at the mouth of the Minjiang River, when I saw a Chinese crested tern—one of the rarest birds on Earth. I was so excited I could barely keep my binoculars from shaking.” These words come from my uncle, a member of the Fujian Bird Watching Society.
    七、 用故事开头
    一位考生在讲到一次令人难忘的经历时,讲述了四川大地震这一惨痛的经历。在此之前,他用了一个小故事作为开头,自然而贴切:
Lin Hao was only 9 years old when the Sichuan earthquake struck Yingxiu Township. He was in school with 30 other students, but only 10 escaped from the building. Risking his own life, Lin Hao went back to the rubble and pulled two of his classmates to safety.
    但是值得注意的是,用故事开头一定要简短,切忌不能太长,否则会造成本末倒置。
    以上从引起考官兴趣这一目的入手,为各位考生介绍了雅思口语Part2开场的不同方式,帮助各位考生更好地准备Part2的陈述。万事开头难,好的开始是成功的一半,希望各位考生能够灵活运用以上介绍的开头方法,有效提高雅思口语分数。
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